For those new to crochet, I suggest starting with a metal G/6 (4.25 mm) crochet hook and worsted weight acrylic yarn. Also, don’t use a color that is either too dark or two light, as this makes it difficult to see the stitches.
When you pick up your crochet hook you will see that there is usually a finger rest or a grip. This is where you will hold your crochet hook. You can either hold your crochet hook in between your thumb and middle finger (Method 1) or hold it like a pencil (Method 2) , which is my preferred method.
Leaving a 5 to 6 inch tail, make a circle with your yarn, and pull the end attached to the yarn ball through the circle. This is your slip knot.
Make the knot tight enough to be secure, but not so tight that you can’t move the yarn through the knot.
Next, insert the hook into the loop, and pull on the yarn so it fits your hook.
Make sure you that your yarn is in the section of the hook in between the neck and the grip. If you are in the neck your stitches will be too small, and if you are in the grip then your stitches will be too large.
Next wrap the yarn once around the pinkey and weave the yarn through your fingers so that it falls behind your index finger. Digits four and five will close around the yarn, and your thumb and middle finger will help to hold your work. Your index finger will hold the yarn away from your work and help to control tension.
To make the chain, you will simply yarn over, and pull the yarn through the loop. This will leave a new loop on your crochet hook.
Pull the yarn through the loop.
Then you yarn over again and pull the yarn through the loop. At the end of each stitch there will be one loop left on your hook.
You do this as many times as the pattern calls for.
As you do this, you will notice that the the top and the bottom of the chain looks different. The top (front) of the chain will look like the letter V in each stitch and the bottom (back) of chain will have a bump in the middle of each stitch.
Front/Top of stitches
Back/Bottom of stitches
When you are counting the stitches, you start with the one closest to the hook and count away from the hook. You never count the loop on the hook.